Road transport is one of the principal causes of greenhouse gas emissions, and consequently there is a need for a gradual move towards cleaner means of transport. The Bill on Climate Change aims to achieve a 25% reduction over the 2005 figures of greenhouse gas emissions in Catalonia by 2020. Furthermore, and based on the goals set by the international community, it is hoped that this figure will rise to 80% by 2050.
The proposal includes a road map aimed at tackling climate change in those areas under autonomous government powers, including water and energy management, biodiversity and agriculture, etc. The measures would require public solid waste and waste water management and water treatment public companies to guarantee that at least 20% of the energy used on their facilities comes from renewable sources.
If passed, the Bill will also require public and freight transport users to be informed about the amount of greenhouse gases emitted during each service. Local authorities are consequently being urged to introduce tax policies such as procedures to prevent subsidies for liquid fuels.
In order to offset global warming, the aim is to introduce sanctions for high rates of C02 emissions. If the Catalonian Government passes the Bill and it is put before the Parlament, the sanction will apply to those cars and commercial vehicles that generate the most gases that heat the atmosphere, namely more than 120-140 grammes of C02 per kilometre travelled. The measure is expected to raise around 47 million euros in 2018.