At LIVE, we never cease to say that electric mobility is now a reality and that it will receive an even bigger boost in the near future. Today, however, we would like to talk about two countries where electric cars have a very strong presence on their roads and in their cities: China and Norway.
China has very serious pollution problems because in highly populated areas, like Beijing, it is not unusual for pollution particles to reach levels that are extremely harmful to the population and the environment. That is why for some time the government of the People’s Republic of China has been fostering the use of sustainable transport by bringing back the bicycle for short trips and electric vehicles for public and private fleets.
For eight years in succession, China has been the world’s biggest electric vehicle market, with sales of over 26 million vehicles. In 2016 alone, 507,000 electric cars were sold, almost half (46%) the world total and, according to the International Energy Agency, it is the world leader in transport electrification, since almost one third of the over two million electric cars in the world (more specifically 648,770) could be found on Chinese roads in 2016.
These spectacular figures obviously have much to do with the fact that China is the country with the biggest population in the world and one which, following a period of uncontrolled growth, is becoming more environmentally aware. It is also important to note that the Chinese economy is partly controlled by a government present in the governing bodies of big companies from different sectors, like the automobile or public works and infrastructure sectors. This implies that it has the necessary means to foster the construction of electric charge points.
As for Norway, when it comes to electric mobility development plans, this country is very clearly an example to follow, since electric cars account for 37% of all its vehicles: a record figure. In January 2017, 28.76% of the cars on Norway’s roads were registered as being electric (either fully electric or plug-in hybrids) and, in December 2016, a figure of 100,000 fully electric cars was reached. Indeed, Norway’s goal (which seems fairly feasible in the light of the current situation) is to ensure that from 2025, all cars that are sold are electric. In Norway, you can choose from up to 15 different models of electric car, more than in most markets. Interestingly, the one that accounted for the most sales ever made in just one month in Norway was the Tesla S.
Most of these sales are due to the incentives that are available for electric cars in Norway, such as being able to use the bus lane in some cities, free parking, not having to pay to use motorways, or the big network of charge points. Nonetheless, the measure that has really made Norwegian consumers opt for an electric vehicle instead of a conventional one is the fact that purchases of electric cars are exempt from VAT. If you bear in mind that VAT in Norway is 25%, this makes the price of an electric car significantly lower than that of a conventional fuel-driven one.
Norway is also an extremely environmentally aware country, something that is very deep-rooted in Scandinavian society and it has a firm desire, in the short-term, not to have to depend on fossil fuels. Indeed, 98% of the electricity that Norway generates is from hydroelectric energy, a clean renewable energy source.
At LIVE, we keep very much up to date with the measures in the field of sustainable mobility that these two countries adopt and we believe them to be two models of good practice in the promotion of sustainable mobility
If you would like to know what advantages and incentives you can benefit from in Catalonia by having an electric car, check out our website!