Citizens’ environmental health is becoming a crucial issue (it is worth remembering that every 10mg/ m3 reduction in air particles leads to a six month increase in life expectancy). In line with these findings, a study has been carried out into the advantages of the use of electric vehicles in six cities and towns situated in the Barcelonès region: Barcelona, Badalona, Hospitalet del Llobregat, Montcada i Reixac, Sant Adrià de Besòs and Santa Coloma de Gramenet.
This insightful study has revealed two crucial factors for the effective implementation of this vehicle type among the region’s residents: the additional cost involved in the use of other vehicle types powered by conventional fuels and the availability of parking spaces equipped with charging stations:
On the one hand there is a clear connection between purchases of electric vehicle and the additional charge percentage, which the study considers should be no more than 30%, bearing in mind that electric vehicles bring clear later savings in terms of items such as fuel, mechanical maintenance, taxes and parking charges. In addition, up to 76% of the population would be willing to buy an electric vehicle if the price did not imply any extra costs related to the above.
The second key factor is the availability of parking spaces where citizens can also charge their vehicle batteries. The estimated implementation of electric vehicles is lowest in those areas with the greatest difficulties in securing infrastructures offering these types of parking facilities. However, opportunities have been detected for the installation of charging stations in certain areas of the Barcelonès region, and in Barcelona, the capital, there are more than 200 charging stations situated in car parks.
The study points to a promising outlook for falling levels of environmental and noise pollution as the percentage of electric vehicles rises. According to the WHO, atmospheric contamination is the cause of seven million deaths a year. If the predictions for electric vehicle demand defined in this document are met, in just 5 years nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions could drop by up to 10%, particles (PM10) by up to 14%, and GHG could be reduced by a maximum of 18%. Imagine what this could mean for a country like Norway which is aiming for 100% electric mobility in under 10 years: lower rates of lung disease, allergies and the control of death rates attributable to fuel pollution.
This study therefore indicates that companies and town councils can apply a series of measures designed to encourage the acquisition of pure electric vehicles. Actions would be centred on providing access to parking areas equipped with charging stations. Considering that forecasts point to a reduction in prices compared to petrol or diesel fuelled vehicles and subsidies for the purchase of this type of vehicle, the indications are that citizens will be increasingly willing to change over to electric mobility.
This link provides a summary of the steps to follow and the financial aid available to citizens wishing to commit to sustainable mobility: http://www.livebarcelona.cat/es/usuaris-de-mobilitat-sostenible/
You can read the full article discussing the benefits and potential of implementing electric vehicles in the Barcelonès region at this link: http://pacte.barcelones.cat/archivos/documentos/quaderns-14_280116092334.pdf